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A report released Tuesday said police և prosecutors’s conduct of distorting evidence or distorting innocence contributed to 54% of false convictions, which later justified the acquittals.
In: to study, Based on information from the National Register of Freedoms, which contains erroneous convictions from the first 2,400 excuses.
The misconduct involved witness testimony, in which the witness was either deceived or persuaded to give false testimony or identification. violence during interrogation, lying և coercive behavior; False evidence, including planted drugs և Forensic fraud. hidden justifiable evidence; սխալ Misconduct during the trial, including lying by politics; ստ Lying by prosecutors.
The introduction warned that findings are a measure of justification for abuse, not a measure of the frequency of behavior in all cases.
“What we can say,” the report said, “is that official wrongdoing is the main reason for the conviction of innocent defendants.”
Study: established an excuse as a person who has been convicted by a government official or agency and subsequently found not guilty, at least in part based on evidence of innocence. The declaration may take the form of a full pardon, acquittal, or rejection of all charges by a court or prosecutor.
The study found several basic patterns.
• Police officers committed misconduct in 35% of cases, prosecutors in 30% of cases, forensic analysts in 3% of cases, and child welfare officers in 2% of cases.
• In general, the level of misconduct is higher for more serious crimes. The misconduct rate was 72% for homicides and 32% for most nonviolent crimes.
• Black prisoners were slightly more likely than whites to be victims of unscrupulous acts (57% to 52%), but this difference is much larger than the number of murders (78% -64%) acquitted (87% 68%). : The misbehavior of white exonerees occurred in drug cases (47% to 22%).
• Prosecutors and police officers in state court cases that have been acquitted have been charged to about the same extent. But federal acquittals prosecutors were more than twice as likely to misbehave as police և misdemeanors seven times more often than police officers were acquitted of white collar crimes.
• The most common type of misconduct was concealment of exculpatory evidence, which occurred in 44% of excuses.
The Court News Service spoke with Samuel Gross, senior report editor and professor of law at the University of Michigan. He said that there are many reasons for wrong behavior. “Including just solving cases quickly and cheaply.”
Another issue, according to David Thomas, a professor of law at the University of Florida, is the politicization of the work of the police և prosecutor’s office.
“These are positions that should never be politicized,” Thomas told the court’s press service. “And yet their existence and success or failure are based on public opinion.”
The introduction recommended a few changes to prevent misbehavior. These include interrogations, ագր recording of staff, use of independent police crime laboratories not run by police departments, պահանջ requirements for establishing conviction integrity units in prosecutors’ offices.
Gross told Detroit News that most of the rules that prevented misconduct were already in place.
“We need enforcement, but adequate resources to do a good job, control, especially management,” he said. “We need to change entrenched work cultures.”